Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 (K-to-12 Act)

kto12President Benigno Aquino III signed K to 12 Basic Education Program into law (Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013, or the K-to-12 Act). I know many parents still worry about this because the government added 2 more years in our basic education system. Meaning, instead of taking up elementary and high school for 10 years, now it will be 12 years.

Some groups are opposing the program because they said it would be an added burden to the parents. However, the Department of Education stressed out that K to 12 will not bring additional burden to parents because the government will fund the additional 2 years in High School.

To make K to 12 clear, a child should undergo Kindergarten before going to six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School and 2 years of Senior High School.

Teachers will be using the Mother Tongue language (local dialect) in Kindergarten, Grades 1 to 3. Examples, activities, songs, poems, stories, and illustrations are based on local culture, history, and reality. This makes the lessons relevant to the learners and easy to understand.

Aside from the Mother Tongue, English and Filipino are taught as subjects starting Grade 1, with a focus on oral fluency. From Grades 4 to 6, English and Filipino are gradually introduced as languages of instruction. Both will become primary languages of instruction in Junior High School (JHS) and Senior High School (SHS).

After Grade 1, every student can read in his or her Mother Tongue. Learning in Mother Tongue also serves as the foundation for students to learn Filipino and English easily.

Grade 7 up to Grade 10 is referred to as Junior High School. After finishing Grade 10, a student can obtain Certificates of Competency (COC) or a National Certificate Level I (NC I).

Grades 11 and 12 are Senior High School. There will be a core curriculum for Senior HS.

Each student in Senior High School can choose among three tracks: Academic; Technical-Vocational-Livelihood; and Sports and Arts. The Academic track includes three strands: Business, Accountancy, Management (BAM); Humanities, Education, Social Sciences (HESS); and Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM).

After finishing a Technical-Vocational-Livelihood track in Grade 12, a student may obtain a National Certificate Level II (NC II), provided he/she passes the competency-based assessment of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA).

NC I and NC II improves employability of graduates in fields like Agriculture, Electronics, and Trade.

After finishing high school, students can opt to work part-time or continue tertiary education.



9 comments on “Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 (K-to-12 Act)

  1. I was at the PNU for 2nd Digital Education Curriculum last Monday and some things were made clear about my thoughts on K to 12 curriculum. This added 2 years may be seen as burden but this may give advantage to our children in the future. And i’d like to point out that if a Pinoy of my age (those before K12) plans to study in the US, 2 more years had to be finished before getting admission to any of the universities and colleges they’ve applied for.

  2. Now, I get the real picture of what K to 12 is all about. Just asking, you’ve stated that the govt. will fund the 2 years of SHS, does it implies to both public and private learning institutions?

  3. honestly I don’t much agree with this k to 12.. instead of adding years of studies why not add teachers to lessen the numbers of students per classroom and enhance more the way of teaching..

  4. This educational scheme may not be effective in some aspects but if implemented with competence and effectiveness… it will be a success. Let’s hope for the best result.

  5. I don’t think the number of years in education quite counts as important but the quality of the education being given to the students.

  6. The new K+12 Basic Education Program is the best thing that will happen to the educational system in our country. I say, everyone resists change until they see the good result of the change made. Those opposing the program now will change their minds once they see the first quality graduates of the program. Let’s just wait and see, after all basic education is free until senior high in public education system.

Lazada Philippines